A former Texas district chooses who become wrongfully convicted of nine felonies and later acquitted—because the allegations in opposition to her broke no Texas regulation—has moved a step toward conserving prosecutors liable for alleged malicious prosecution.
Judge Amos Mazzant of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas ruled the day gone by that the prosecutors who investigate and prosecute former 380th District Judge Suzanne Wooten of Collin County can’t claim that prosecutorial immunity protects them because they acted as detectives, as opposed to simply prosecutors.
“This was not a case wherein the police investigated a crime to find a suspect, but as a substitute where the prosecutors investigated a suspect to locate against the law,” wrote Mazzant within the March 27 opinion in Wooten v. Roach, which denied all but one argument inside the defendants’ motions to brush aside Wooten’s lawsuit.
The defendants are Collin County, its former District Attorney John Roach Sr. And previous Assistant District Attorney Christopher Milner, former Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott—he’s now Texas governor—and previous Assistant Attorney General Harry White. White and Abbott’s press workplace didn’t respond to a request for remark. Matthews, Shiels, Knott, Eden, Davis & Beanland partner Bob Davis of Dallas, who represents Collin County, Roach, and Milner, declined to comment.
Wooten’s lawyer, Scott H. Palmer, said she feels elated with the aid of the ruling.
“She knows there’s probably greater to come,” stated Palmer, president of Scott H. Palmer PC in Addison. “These men did this on their personal: They targeted her and took this on lock, stock, and barrel, and investigated their personal case. That’s not what prosecutors do generally. It sends a message to prosecutors throughout the nation and the land: Don’t have interaction in this kind of conduct, because in case you do and it blows up to your face, you’ll get sued.”
Wrongful Conviction

The opinion explained the history of the case. In March 2008, Wooten defeated incumbent 380th District Judge Charles Sandoval inside the Republican primary in Collin County. Sandoval filed a complaint towards Wooten, alleging she cheated throughout the election. The DA’s office, headed by using Roach at the time, investigated Wooten’s campaign without regulation enforcement’s assist. Later, the AG’s Office joined the prosecution. The two-yr research ended with Wooten indicted in October 2010 and re-indicted in July 2011.
The prosecution’s principle turned into that a married couple, David and Stacy Cary, gave contributions to Wooten’s marketing campaign thru James Spencer, Wooten’s marketing campaign consultant, who additionally did representative work for the Carys. The relevant allegation was that the Carys funneled cash through Spencer to Wooten’s marketing campaign, in exchange for Wooten to report to run as a decision, campaign towards Sandoval and problem favorable rulings within the Cary circle of relatives law instances, Texas Lawyer reported.
The Carys and Spencer have become co-defendants in Wooten’s case, and everyone was tried separately and convicted through juries. As for Wooten, she faced convictions for six counts of bribery, one relies on accomplishing an organized crook activity, one be counted of cash laundering and one depend of tampering with a central authority report, the opinion said.
Texas Lawyer previously mentioned that in the long run, a jury convicted Wooten of the nine felonies in November 2011, and the state provided her 10 years of probation if she could surrender and waive her proper to enchantment. She normal but nevertheless pleaded no longer guilty and never waived her right to habeas corpus remedy. She changed into sentenced to 10 years of probation and a $10,000 best.
Mazzant wrote that Spencer took a plea deal. The Carys appealed their convictions, and eventually, those appeals wound up within the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, which in December 2016 acquitted the Carys of all counts, ruling the allegations in opposition to them weren’t a criminal offense below Texas regulation.
Using that reasoning, Wooten filed for habeas corpus remedy and received her acquittal in May 2017. She has been disbarred due to her conviction, but upon her acquittal, Wooten gained again her regulation license.
Malicious Prosecution Lawsuit
Wooten in May 2018 sued the prosecutors and county for violations of due technique, violations of the Fourth Amendment, conspiracy to deprive constitutional rights, malicious prosecution and greater.
In motions to dismiss, the prosecutors argued that prosecutorial immunity might guard them against the lawsuit. But Mazzant explained there’s a distinction between a prosecutor’s position investigating a case to put together for trial, and a detective’s function in investigating a case to find in all likelihood motive for an arrest.
Mazzant wrote that the DA’s prosecutors “have been appearing as investigators trying to find in all likelihood purpose, in place of acting as prosecutors with probable cause making ready for prosecution. As such, presently, prosecutorial immunity does not defend the movements.”
White, the assistant AG who prosecuted Wooten argued that his office intervened in the case after the investigation segment wrapped up. Mazzant disagreed, noting that White got here within the case in December 2008, whilst prosecutors hadn’t even observed possibly motive and were nowhere close to having enough evidence for an indictment, tons less ready to try the case.
Wooten additionally claimed Collin County had coverage of wrongful arrests and prosecutions without likely motive or due procedure. The county argued it shouldn’t face liability as it didn’t manipulate Roach’s arrests and prosecutions, and he was appearing on behalf of the kingdom, no longer the county. But Mazzant explained that electorate in a county selects a DA, and the county will pay for the office’s operations, so district lawyers do sometimes act as county-degree policymakers. Wooten’s allegation about Roach’s policy, if true, could destroy the country and federal regulation, wrote the court. Mazzant observed that Roach became performing as a policymaker for the county.
The courtroom did provide one argument for the county, which claimed Wooten can’t get better punitive damages towards it. Because Wooten didn’t reply to the argument, case regulation says there’s a presumption she doesn’t oppose the County’s data or doesn’t have proof to oppose the argument. Therefore, Mazzant permitted the county’s motion to brush aside the punitive damages to declare against it.

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